Glossary

Learn the commonest terms about the website and Internet sector

Ad

Adwords (Google Ads)

Is an online advertising platform developed by Google where users can display their advertisements to web users on the search engine results page.

 
 
Bk

Backup

Refers to the process of copying computer data so that it may be used to restore the original data in case of any eventuality, accident or data loss event.

 
Cl

Cloud

The Cloud is an infrastructure that allows computing services like platforms and apps to be available to users over the Internet.

 
 
Cm

CMS

It is the acronym of Content Management System. CMS is a piece of software or application that is used so that any user can administer and manage a website’s content easily and without knowledge of website programming.

 
Dc

Data center

Data centers are used to house computer systems and its associated components for the remote storage, processing or distribution of large amounts of data.

 
 
Dn

DNS

It stands for Domain Name Service, and serves to turn domain names (e.g., example.org) into an IP or Internet address. If you have one or more domain names, you automatically need the DNS service to make the same use of them.

 
Dm

Domains

It is the unique and exclusive name by which your website is identified on the Internet; it may describe what type of company, organisation or sector you belong to. Or you can also indicate in which country it is registered. An example of a domain would be example.com.

 
 
Ec

E-commerce

Is the activity of buying or selling of products and services over the Internet.

 
Fw

Firewall

Is a network security system that monitors incoming and outgoing traffic and it allows of blocks said traffic based on a defined set of security rules.

 
 
Ft

FTP / sFTP

It is a File Transfer Protocol. It is a system for transferring files between devices connected to a network. From a personal computer you can connect to a server to download or upload content.

 
Go

Google

Is an American technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, being its search engine the most famous. It is the world's most popular website and the most used search engine.

 
 
Ho

Hosting

Hosting or web hosting is a storage service associated with your domain. That allows you to host information, images, videos or any content necessary for your website. As well as to have an email service with email accounts associated with your domain.

 
Ht

HTTPS

Short for Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure is an extension of the HTTP protocol. It is a transfer protocol used for secure communication over a computer network, which means that all communications between your browser and the website are encrypted.

 
 
Ic

ICANN

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers is a nonprofit organization responsible for coordinating the maintenance and procedures related to the domain name system management.

 
Im

IMAP

The acronym of Internet Message Access Protocol, it is the protocol that allows users to read the email that is stored on the server. That is, it allows them to access emails from different devices because they are stored on the server.

 
 
Jv

Java

Is an object-oriented programming language specifically designed to let applications developers “write once, run anywhere”, meaning it can run on all platforms without the need for recompilation.

 
Ke

Key

Series of signs, numbers and letters previously agreed-upon that act as a secret key.

 
 
Le

Let’s Encrypt

Is a non-profit certificate authority hosted by the Linux Foundation that provides automatic SSL certificates for websites.

 
Mw

Malware

Is any code or software intentionally designed to cause damage to a system. Malware has a malicious intent, acting against the interests of the computer user.

 
 
My

MySQL

It is a database management system, that is, MySQL is an application that lets you manage database files. It is considered one of the most popular open source data management systems in the world.

 
Nt

Network

Infrastructure which allows all the different kinds of devices to connect over cables or wireless media to share resources, data and services.

 
 
Os

Open Source

Denotes all software that includes permission to freely use its source code so any user with the proper knowledge can modify it.

 
Ph

PHP

Hypertext Preprocessor is one of the most popular open source programming languages for dynamic web content development.

 
 
P3

POP3

The acronym for Post Office Protocol and it is used in clients who want to obtain emails from a server to store them locally on their device. That is, this protocol downloads messages from the server to store them on your device.

 
Qb

QBE

Query by Example is a database query language to easily manage databases queries. PhpMyAdmin for MySQL databases is an example of QBE.

 
 
Ro

Root

On Unix it is usually name for the system administration who has all the rights and permissions in all modes. It can also refer to the root directory, the first directory in a hierarchy.

 
Se

SEO

Search Engine Optimization is the process of affecting the online visibility of a website in a search engine's unpaid (or natural) results

 
 
Sm

SMTP

It is the acronym of Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, the communication protocol used to send emails between different devices on the Internet. In cdmon it is smtp.tudominio.com.

 
Sd

SSD NVMe

It is a disk type based on NAND flash memory cells for storing data, drastically improving their speed compared to conventional SSDs. They are disks that offer improvements such as lower energy consumption, they do not emit noises and they are more resistant to knocks.

 
 
Sl

SSL

SSL is the acronym for Secure Socket Layer and is a security protocol that guarantees the website is safe and there is no danger in sending confidential information (personal data, account numbers, etc.).

 
Tl

TTL

Time to Live or hop limit is a mechanism that limits the lifespan a DNS record on the authoritative name servers is kept active before it is discarded o revalidated.

 
 
Ux

UNIX

Is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems developed in 1969 at the AT&T Bell Laboratories.

 
Vr

Virus

Is a software that, when executed, replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and inserting its own code that often performs some type of harmful activity on infected computers.

 
 
Wo

Wordpress

Is a free content management system or CMS most associated with blogging but that also supports other types of web content (like online stores). Right now it is the most popular website management system in used.

 
Wh

Whois

A protocol that is used to consult a domain’s registration data, and which provides the data; where the domain is registered, its current status or contacts. It should be borne in mind that, according to the new European Data Protection Law (GDPR), the information shown in the Whois may vary according to the requirements demanded by ICANN and according to the

 
 
Xm

XML

eXtensible Markup Language is a markup language developed by W3C that defines a set of rules to reduce the number of coders. It emphasizes simplicity, generality and is vastly used on web programming.

 
Zp

ZIP

Is an archive file format that supports lossless data compression where each file is compressed separately. Used mostly to compress images, data and programs.

 
 

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